The Chinese government is one of the most important actors in international affairs today. To thoroughly understand how the People's Republic of China has grown in power requires a careful analysis of its political system. To what extent can China's economic achievements be attributed to the country's political system and its policies? What are the effects of economic modernization and global economic integration on the Chinese polity? Is the Chinese political system capable of adapting to changing economic, technological, social, and international conditions? Exploring these central questions, this definitive book provides readers with a comprehensive assessment of the preconditions, prospects, and risks associated with China's political development.